Promises! 2 Peter 1:4 2
The Names of Gods
In the days of the Bible, names were
given that fit perfectly with the life of the person. For example,
Abraham means "father of multitudes," Joseph means "God will increase,"
and the name Jesus means "Jehovah is salvation."
In the same manner, God has chosen to
reveal Himself to us through His names recorded in Scripture . I do not
believe there are any names to fully describe the Eternal One, yet God
has revealed much about His nature through His Word.
Here are the twelve Hebrew names of God
found in the Old Covenant. The First Name of God: Elohim –"God our
Elohim is the name that introduces God
in Genesis 1:1. The word can be divided into two parts. The first part,
El, means God and is connected to His might, power, majesty, glory, and
authority. Ohim speaks of plurality, so we can clearly see in this first
scripture God is introduced as the mighty Trinity. The name Elohim is
always connected to God’s acts. The angels know Him by this name .
The Second Name of God: Jehovah – "Our
Eternal God." Jehovah is the name of relationship and covenant. God
introduced Himself to Adam as "Lord God" in Genesis 2. "And the Lord God
formed man of the dust of the ground." (Genesis 2:7) Jehovah is
connected to the creation of man, to the making of a covenant, and to
the atonement. It is Jehovah who reveals Elohim. God is always
worshipped as Jehovah – and one cannot worship Him without a
relationship through the covenant.
The Third Name of God: Jehovah El
Shaddai – "God our Supplier." The name El Shaddai means the God of
might, nourishment, bounty, and blessings. God revealed Himself to
Abraham as El Shaddai when He promised him a son. Abraham was
ninety-nine years old when El Shaddai "The Almighty God" made a covenant
with him to "multiply you exceedingly." (Genesis 17:1-2)
The Fourth Name of God: Adonai –
"Master, Lord." Adonai was spoken by Abraham in Genesis 18:3 when God
came and told Abraham what He was about to do to Sodom and Gomorrah, and
Abraham became the great intercessor. This shows us that the name Adonai
is connected to God’s ownership and Lordship over our lives, and to
revelation of the future and intercession.
The Fifth Name of God: Jehovah-Jireh –
"God my Provider." This name was revealed in Genesis 22:14 when Abraham
was about to offer up Isaac and the Lord stopped him and provided a
lamb...the substitute for Isaac. This powerful story reveals Jesus and
the work of the cross. The name Jehovah-Jireh speaks of the Lord God
providing His Son for our redemption and being our provider for all that
The Sixth Name of God: Jehovah-Rapha –
"God my Healer." Exodus 15:22-26, when the children of Israel came to
Marah in the wilderness and could not drink the water because it was
bitter, discloses the name Jehovah-Rapha. The Lord made a covenant of
healing with His people and said that if they would keep all His
commandments, He would be their health and healer continually. "... for
I am the Lord that heals you." (Exodus 15:26)
The Seventh Name of God: Jehovah-Nissi
– "God my Banner." This name was made known when Moses lifted up the rod
of victory, in prayer, for an entire day as a battle with the Amalekites
was fought (Exodus 17:15). The Hebrew word "Nissi" means my banner, or
my covering, my protection and, also, my victory.
The Eighth Name of God: Jehovah-M’kadesh
– "God my Sanctifier." The Lord declared He would be the sanctifier of
Israel, if they would obey Him (Exodus 31:13). The word M’kadesh, our
sanctifier, was also connected to being set apart for service and
belonging wholly to the Lord.
The Ninth Name of God: Jehovah-Shalom –
"God my Peace." This name was revealed to Gideon, in Judges 6:23-24,
when the Lord made him into a great warrior by showing him that only
through dependence upon the Lord and reliance upon His name can we know
His peace which will bring about triumph over all our enemies.
The Tenth Name of God: Jehovah-Tsidkenu
– "God my Righteousness." God told the prophet Jeremiah to declare that
a "righteous Branch" of David would come, and "Judah shall be saved, and
Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name whereby he shall be
called, The Lord our Righteousness." (Jeremiah 23:6) In this revelation
we are told that Jesus is our righteousness and that only through Him
can we live righteously before the Lord.
The Eleventh Name of God: Jehovah-Rohi
– "God my Shepherd." In Psalms 23, God is revealed as our Rohi – our
Shepherd. This was spoken as David declared, "The Lord is my shepherd, I
shall not want." (Psalm 23:1) The name Rohi speaks of both leadership
and close intimacy. Once we know the Lord as our Shepherd, our Jehovah-Rohi,
all the promises of Psalms 23 will become reality in our daily walk.
The Twelfth Name of God: Jehovah-Shammah
– "The Abiding Presence." The book of Ezekiel concludes with these
words: "... and the name of the city for that day shall be, The Lord is
there." (Ezekiel 48:35) The Hebrew translation is Jehovah-Shammah –
speaking of God’s abiding presence. The Lord desires that we walk with
Him daily. The word abide means to stay, not to visit. What a wonderful
Lord we serve.
He introduces Himself to us at first as
Elohim, and as we continue to know Him, He becomes the Abiding Presence
in our life.